Bangladesh is frequently defined by poverty, resource scarcity, over population, corruption and natural calamities. These are, of course, some conditions that need to be addressed in policy discussion for poverty eradication and overall progress of the country. But there are other factors beyond our boundaries building unavoidable conditions and threats, which eventually stand in the way of environmental safety and sustainable development. Bangladesh has stepped into the 21st century with all these conditions and threats already have profound impacts on our ecology, life and livelihood. Produced by the Society for Environment and Human Development (SEHD), Bangladesh Environment: Facing the 21st Century, is a citizen based country report on the state of Bangladesh’s environment. The report attempts to the state of Bangladesh’s environment. The report attempts to project some important sings of the times and what we are faced with in the 21st century. Reports from the field and real life stories, matched and mixed with expert analyses on major environmental issues of Bangladesh, also attempt to develop a context to understand Bangladesh better. SEHD publishes this report to help the public, the professionals and the policy designers to become better informed. It also wants to contribute to more intensive discussion and actions on environmental issues of national and community interest.