Protracted conflicts, unequal burden sharing, climate change, globalization, and shifting policies regarding immigration, asylum, work and development are changing the nature of forced displacements and blurring the line between forced migration and economic migration.
This ethnography seeks to understand the connections between livelihoods, risk, capital and migration by using a framework which considers not only economic implications but more importantly, the social and cultural underpinnings of the phenomena under study. Drawing on the lived experiences, ideas, beliefs and attitude of men and women from two migration-intensive villages in Comilla, Bangladesh, the study attempts to explore the causal links between lack of security in people’s lives and livelihoods and overseas labour migration.
Dhaka is one of the world's megacities, yet relentless traffic, environmental deterioration, and poor governance pose critical living challenges for its inhabitants. Dhaka’s urban planning has failed to address important economic, environmental, and socio-cultural issues.
This book makes an innovative attempt to generate greater understanding about the rapid growth of Dhaka City, the deeply entrenched class hierarchy and offers a socio-economic analysis of the slum and non-slum households. It is an important departure from the existing literature in a number of ways. First, it used the latest and recognized sources of secondary materials and population estimates and projections. Second, it makes a thorough and broad-spectrum review of theories on determinants and consequences of migration.
With a population of almost 12 million, Dhaka is the world's 11th largest city and amongst the most densely populated. At the same time, it is consistently ranked as one of the least livable city in the world. Rapid migration, poor city management, low efficiency and massive corruption in service provision are exacerbating the problems. Urban traffic is reaching nightmare proportions, and water and air pollution from poor waste and traffic management poses serious health risks.
This is a pioneering study comparing the governance arrangements in the five megacities (cities with population around 10 million) of South Asia, namely Dhaka in Bangladesh, Kolkata, Mumbai and Delhi in India and Karachi in Pakistan within a common analytical framework. The book is divided into seven chapters. The first and introductory chapter lays down the theoretical underpinnings and methodology of the study, besides identifying the major urbanization trends in South Asia.
Based on internal and international migration experiences of five countries of Asia - China, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Vietnam - this book dispels the notion that migration indicates failure of development. On the contrary, it views migration as an integral part of the global development. The book makes a comprehensive analysis of labour recruitment processes for internal and international markets, work conditions, entitlements and available protection mechanisms, extent of involvement of civil society institutions and policy environments in the countries concerned.
The first half of the 21st century is going to be the era of megacities in the developing world. Unless we manage our cities adequately, all hell is likely break loose in the not too distant future. Given the enormous poverty, the gross gender discriminations and the acute environmental degradation already present in these cities, the likelihood of their further deterioration in the coming years in a scenario of no or little reforms is rather obvious. This is a pioneering work on the governance crisis in one such city, namely Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh.
Throughout South Asia, questions of illegal immigration combined wit those of national security have acquired politically explosive dimensions in recent years. Despite this, migration studies have remained, by and large, confined to the domains of economics and demography. Dealing with transborder migrations from Bangladesh to West Bengal, The Marginal Nation analyzes these issues within a richer perspective which accommodates the historical, cultural and geographic dimensions along with the economic and demographic.