This ethnography seeks to understand the connections between livelihoods, risk, capital and migration by using a framework which considers not only economic implications but more importantly, the social and cultural underpinnings of the phenomena under study. Drawing on the lived experiences, ideas, beliefs and attitude of men and women from two migration-intensive villages in Comilla, Bangladesh, the study attempts to explore the causal links between lack of security in people’s lives and livelihoods and overseas labour migration.
Epistemology or sources of knowledge has always been problematic and contentious. This is not only with reference to the issue of hegemony, when the empowered tends to impose its ‘knowledge’ on the disempowered but also with reference to the political contamination of disciplinary quests and treatment of space, which often tends to distort knowledge itself.
The absence of an accessible and credible justice and governance system not only adversely impinges on citizens fundamental rights but also regards growth and development. Accordingly, issues of rule of law, judicial independence, equality, accountability and non-discrimination have in the past few years transcended the boundaries of legal arena and have become the focus of development discourse.
This book contributes to the ongoing discussions and discourses about processes of economic globalization and the so-called feminization of labor that accompany the economic and social transformations taking place world-wide. The focus is on the new modes of industrial production, notably in the export-oriented manufacturing sector in Bangladesh, where there is an increased participation of women in the workforce. The book intends to show how the Bangladeshi women workers view themselves and their actions within the given cultural, political and economic setting.
Surveys find that compared to other Asia countries sex-workers in Bangladesh report the highest number of partners, and the lowest rate of condom use. While these statistics are serious warning signals for a probable HIV/AIDS epidemic, the overwhelming majority of sex-workers have other immediate concerns such as poverty, threats of eviction from brothels, extreme uncertainties in city streets, total rejection by society, and exploitation by the controllers ( the police topping the list) of the trade.
Based on extensive field investigations as well as analysis of secondary data, Urban Crime and Violence in Dhaka presents the result of a study carried out on urban crime and violence in public places of the metropolis. It focuses on the types of crimes that occur in it and throws light on the reasons behind the criminal activities that take place in Dhaka. The book aims to identify the victims as well as the perpetrators of crime and highlights trends and types of crime and violence affecting the people of the city.
This book examines the lives of Bangladeshi children and adolescents roughly between 8 and 16 years old, exposing vast discrepancies in the rights they are able to exercise. For example, middle class children and the young domestic servants working in their homes may be roughly the same age but they have profoundly different roles, rights and obligations.
The Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in the southeast of Bangladesh is unique and attractive to outsiders. It forms a bridge between South Asia and Southeast Asia. From the plains one is amazed to see the picturesque mountain landscapes. The hill indigenous people who are divided into 12 groups exhibit distinct and different cultures. These amazing, amusing, honest and always smiling people seem to be part of Nature. But this mountainous region and its original inhabitants have undergone enormous assault and sufferings due to ill-conceived development initiatives and human greed.
In recent years the term social protection has gained currency in developmental discourse: encompassing the range of protective transfers, services and formal and informal safeguards that are available to protect people in need or at risk of being in need. Whilst migration offers a safety net for poorer people in search of alternative or supplementary livelihoods, it also deprives many, of access to formal and informal sources of support. Social protection concerns emerge at all stages of migration: before departure, in transit, at destination and upon return.